Explain the “Risk Benefit Problem.” Why is this problem especially difficult in the case of NEST? Explain the “Anticipatory Approach” and the “Informed Consent Approach” to solving the “Risk Benefit Problem.” Raise one problem for each approach.
What is the moral problem of whistleblowing in Engineering? State and explain Martin’s view on the responsibility of Engineers with regard to whistleblowing. Raise at least one potential problem for his view. (1 Paragraph)
First, explain how Prichard responded to the criticism that LeMessurier was “just doing his job” Next, explain what he meant when he said that “some people are just prepared to be lucky?” (1 Paragraph)
What is Prichard’s view about how the concept of responsibility should be approached in the study of Engineering Ethics? What is Prichard’s main reason for discussing LeMessurier’s treatment of the Citycorp problem? (1 Paragraph)
Explain Schmidt’s argument for a “Paradigm Shift” in engineering ethics. (Hint, explain what the current “paradigm” is in engineering ethics and why Schmidt thinks we need a shift. Then explain what approach he thinks we need to move to and why.) (1 Paragraph)
Briefly summarize and explain Martin’s view on the connection between personal meaning and engineering ethics. Explain how he used the examples of Elion and Salks to demonstrate his view. (1 Paragraph)
What is “informed consent” and why is it important to user autonomy? Give three reasons why informed consent can be difficult to achieve in the context of new and emerging technology. (1 Paragraph)