List and describe five leadership practices that contrast with the list above

Discussion Question 1:

The idea of leadership and the word “leader” has been used in political and business scholarship to denote both those in formal power positions (i.e., king, head of state, president, CEO), as well as those entrusted with the leadership of organizations, communities, and societies (i.e., boards of governors, citizen leaders, managers). In modern business organizations, the distinction can also be made between those in formal power, who are leaders in title, and those employees and managers at all levels who share and practice the behaviors of leadership.

Kouzes and Posner describe the five practices of exemplary leadership that research suggests can be learned:

1. Model the Way 2. Inspire a Shared Vision 3. Challenge the Process 4. Enable Others to Act 5. Encourage the Heart

List and describe five leadership practices that contrast with the list above. Use examples and citations as necessary to support your answer.

Discussion Question 2:

In your own words, describe the five exemplary practices listed in Discussion Question 1 and provide an example of each practice within an organizational context. Use and cite scholarly articles as necessary to support your answer. Also, what is the meaning of the statement, “Leadership is a relationship”?

Discussion Question 3:

Using your textbook and the Internet, apply the learning outcomes for the course Organizational Leadership (chapters 1 and 2) and lecture concepts to one of the following scenarios:

As applied to your current professional career

As applied to enhancing, improving, or advancing your current professional career

As applied to a management, leadership, or any decision-making position

As applied to a current or future entrepreneurial endeavor


Answer how you relate the above scenarios from the two discussion questions 1 and 2.


The Leadership Challenge: How to make extraordinary things happen in organizations; Author(s); James Kouzes, Barry Posner

Publisher: Jossey-Bass (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)

Print ISBN: 9781119278962, 1119278961

eText ISBN: 9781119278979, 111927897X

Edition: 6th

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