To determine the impacts of the war to the people of   Oregon


Oregon is a country in located in Pacific Northwest   area on the Western side of the coastal region in U.S. A lot of the regions   northern boundary is delineated by the Columbia River on northern boundary   situated in Washington, while the large extent of eastern boundary with Idaho   part is delineated by Snake river. The California and Nevada boundary on the   southern part is delineated by the 42 degrees north parallel.

Before intrusion by the European traders, settlers and   explorers, the land was inhabited by several indigenous tribes. The state had   its first autonomous government in 1843 after which the Oregon Territory was   established in 1848. It was established as the 33rd country on 14th   February, 1859. Today the state has an area of 98,000 square miles, it’s the   9th largest nation, and has a population of 4 million people, and   is the in position 27 among the most famous states in U.S. its capital city is Salem which is in   position 2 among the most famous cities in the region, having a population of   169,798 people. Portland a city in the area is 26th among the   popular cities in U.S. it is among those diverse nations geographically in   U.S. noticeable by plenty of water bodies, volcanoes, mixed, dense evergreen   forests, semi-arid shrublands and deserts. The highest point is Mount Hood   with 11,249 feet. Its only single national park is the Crater Lake National   Park, which is composed of Caldera, that surrounds the lake, which is united   states’ deepest lake. The country also hosts the worlds largest organism, a   fungus called Armillaria ostoyae.

As a result of its various waterways and landscapes,   the nations economy is powered to a large extent by a number of factors like   fishing, agriculture, and Hydroelectric power. It is also a leading producer   of timber in U.S. where the timber industry formed the back born of the   economy in the 20th century. Technology has also been a major   booster of the nation’s economic prosperity, after establishing the Silicon   Forest and expanding the Intel and Tektronix. Company’s that produce software   like Inc., and Nike have established their headquarters in the Beaverton,   forms the biggest revenue earner in the area which sums up to $30.6 billion   yearly.

Literature review

As the 1920s boomed in majority of the U.S. economy, in a   several situations they did whimper only in Oregon. The emergence of WW1   heated the economy in Oregon facilitating production of lumber, ships, grain   and other materials. Buts as a result of its wake, there was faltering of the   states economy, as shipyards and lumber industry orders declined quickly and   the faming slumped. There was a drop of housing starts, an increase in   speculation regarding stock market, unsteady growth of banks, which compelled   more than 50,000 people to leave the region.

Another great inhibitor to economic development was the   nation’s transportation arrangement. Obviously, the nation had a well-set   system of stage, railroads, and routs for steamboats, but in general the   system of the road can just be termed as primeval (Aldana, B. 99). A very notable exception was the completion of Columbia   River Highway, that paved way for the development of and push towards construction   of modern roads allover thye nation. There was a campaign to get the state   out of mud which started to pay to initiate constructions of highways like   Pacific Highway and then the Oregon Coast Highway, which attracted   immigration from wandering Americans and Oregonians. Temporarily, a lot of   emphasis was put to enhance a system of farm to roads that link market to   agricultural land using shipping and railroads resources.

Social   Freedoms and an Advertising Age

As   the nation experienced economic strains in 1920s, it had experiences of fears   and excitements of unrestrained cultural and social decade. The alterations   that were initiated by WW1 articulated themselves in the U.S. culture as   ancient traditions faded (Bennett,   J. R. (1998).  Most of women,   who were empowered by accessing their voting rights on a national scale,   reduced the social strains on behavior and dress. They discarded corsets,   bobbed hair, wore on flopper dresses, danced Charleston, listened to jazz   music while smoking openly. Majority requested for more and easier equitable   divorces together right to access birth control.

There   was introduction and development of the movie industry which captivated the   film audiences (Bredbenner, C.   (2017). Themes from films followed typical themes which symbolized   societies ideal. Another aspect is the   disturbing facet of the society diminished the liveliness for many. There was   increased organized crime, underground economies and depletion of government   respect as a result of experiment of prohibition. There was labor strife   which simmered over at steady intermissions, that at other times-initiated   violence. There was increased distrust and fear among the American radicals   while perceiving Bolsheviks as society’s shadow.

There   was the rise of ku Klux Klan, which marked a great turn of events in the   region. This was an anti-Catholic racist and bigotry vigilant movement, that   developed strong foothold in that nation (Hodges, A. J. (2007). This clan developed chapters   in Eugene, Portland, Rosenburg, Medford among other communities in the   region. The members put on robes and gathered through the streets igniting   crosses while intimidating minorities and Catholics.

The   state of Oregon appeared from WW1 both chastened and empowered. Veterans had   gone allover the world, observing exotic and seeing new places which many had   just seen in books. The war boomed the economy that led to provision of food,   war supplies and ships. Majority had seen the merciless killing during the   war and were got repulsed. As the war anxieties dropped in 1919. This section   will examine the life of people and soldiers after the war.

The research topic

The research topic I opted for was   Oregon   and the Roaring Twenties after WW1. Currently taking a class of History in   united State which demands a research paper. The class requirements should be   that the topic be after world war 1. I have decided to write regarding the   state of the nation after World war 1. After going through the class work, I   really got interested to discover and find out how people and soldiers lived   after the end of the war, the economic implication of the war to the state.   This prompted my yearn for more research work that called for this research   work. This will be a great paper that will open up our minds and inclusively   cover all the aspects and features that the war introduced to this economy.   It will open our minds regarding people’s wellbeing, economic growth, agricultural   and infrastructural growth, political developments as well as religious   beliefs and ethnicity, culture and demographic parameters. The topic will dig   out for more specific and generalized developments, challenges and impacts of   the changes that the war introduced in this region. It will be a detailed   quality research work that is college level. It will provide a lot of   information on state of Oregon after the war. The subject matter of the topic   is history.

Research questions

The research questions for this research work includes;

Did WW1 impact on the way of life of the people of Oregon?


World War 1 impacted both negatively and positively on how   the people in Oregon live. It has improved the living standards.

Was economic growth as a result of the war?


Economic growth was as a result of the war. War improved   infrastructure developments, agricultural sector and the wellbeing of the   people and the soldiers. It improved on the acting industry by promoting the   film industry.

What were some of the challenges faced by the soldiers   after the war?


After the war, the soldiers found it difficult to fit in   the community as a result of the experience they had from the war. They had   seen lots of massacre, deaths and were used to harsh environments outside   there.

Which aspects of the economy were affected by the war?

Research hypothesis

Positive hypothesis

The research hypothesis is, economic growth in Oregon was   as a result of the war.

The development of railroads and highways was initiated by   the war.

Null hypothesis

Political   stability in Oregon was not introduced by the war.

Agricultural   booming did not lead to development of transport system.

Research strategy

To determine the impacts of the war to the people of   Oregon

To investigate the impacts of political movements to the   region.

From the research review, I know that the war created a   lot of positive changes in the region as well as negative ones. The war has   led to a lot of economic developments, infrastructure boom, agricultural   growth, cultural changes, political movements and religious changes. (Zhou, W., & Liu, P. 2011).  It has impacted on ethnicity, social setting   of the community. There are no extensive researches conducted on this topic   trying to indicate the consequences of the war.


In Oregon there are a lot of economic changes as a result   of the war. The city has seen great changes in all the sectors and the people   there both citizens and immigrants are enjoying the changes. From my class   work, agriculture, transport system and the political systems in Oregon are   now very developed. There has been unemployment due to ethnic differences,   people have adopted new living styles as a result of being exposed to the   outside world. The soldiers from war acquired reputation and political   recognition after coming back.


The research will focus on primary sources like interview   and questionnaire, and secondary data such as journals, videos, books and   magazines. I plan on researching on all the materials which will contain the   relevant information on the topic. I plan on attending and consulting the   library for all the written material relating to the events that took place   after the war in Oregon. Some of the articles am planning to use have photos   of the ancient times before the war and after the war which will provide me   more information relating to my topic.

I will also apply the skill that I have learnt in class to   develop and acquire more data and information. I have placed orders for books   that I will use via the interlibrary loan sections. The library homepage and   the library catalogue are going to be very essential in directing me to   acquire the important resources.

This topic is a major fit for the course am pursuing and   will present a very realist problem that can be addressed as research topic.   The research will entail the American Psychological Association (APA)   documentation system. After reviewing books relating to formats of citations,   I realized that APA citation is a modified system of the author for   conducting citations, used in this field (Hubbuch, 2002).

Data Analysis

Analysis   of the data will be done via an overall comparative analysis approach. I will   develop an analytical memo, of data collection simultaneous (Miles et al.,   2014), after conducting an interview. It the research will draft an analytical memo relating to each   community after data collection to place a summery of the insight acquired   fro0m the community on research questions and interview. The recordings of   the research will be then transcribed verbatim. The next step will be to   conduct a qualitative analysis of the content (Schreier, 2014; Kowal &   O’Connell, 2014) which will be assisted by NVivo software for data analysis   (QSR, 2012) that will aid in segmenting the data. The researcher will   identify quotations that will deliver the meaning regarding the research   questions.

Data   collection

Data   collection will be initiated by conducting a background study of the history   of the community demographic, culture, history and possible external   stressors regarding the area of study. Important informants will be state   government, members of the community, educators, business owners, identified   leaders in the community. The   interviewees will be chosen on with aid of ODFW basing on their role in the   society, via leadership experiences, position, economic and environmental   factors identified via background study on the society.

In conclusion we can   deduce that, the study will cover all the aspects of the community that   relate to after war implications. It will focus on the wellbeing of the   soldiers and the people after the war, economic developments and social   changes that took place in Oregon. The study area will be Oregon, data   collection will be done through interviews, study questions, secondary   sources like books, journals, library materials with relevant data. This will   be an extensive research covering all the key aspects of the region.


Aldana, B. To What Extent Do Circumstances Determine Human Behavior? Journal   of History,  99.

Bennett, J. R. (1998). From patriotism to peace: the   humanization of war memorials. The  Humanist58(5),   5.

Bredbenner, C. (2017). Power to the People: American Peace   Women’s Democratic Cures for  War. Oregon   Historical Quarterly118(2), 272-281.

Haas, F. (2008). German science and black racism—roots of   the Nazi Holocaust. The FASEB  Journal22(2),   332-337.

Haas, F. (2008). German science and black racism—roots of   the Nazi Holocaust. The FASEB  Journal22(2),   332-337.

Hodges, A. J. (2007). Oregon Voices: At War over the   Espionage Act in Portland: Dueling  Perspectives   from Kathleen O’Brennan and Agent William Bryon. Oregon Historical  Quarterly108(3),   474-486.

Matzke, G. (1979). Settlement and sleeping sickness   control—a dual threshold model of colonial  and   traditional methods in East Africa. Social Science & Medicine.   Part D: Medical  Geography13(4),   209-214.

Sanchez, G. I. (2006). Benjamin Read: New Mexico’s Bernal   Diaz del Castillo Erlinda Gonzales- Berry   Oregon State University. Recovering the US Hispanic literary heritage6,   24.

Smith, R., & Smith, M. (2010). B is for beaver:   An Oregon alphabet. Sleeping Bear Press.

Striate, D. D. (1976). Hurrah for Garibaldi! Oregon   Historical Quarterly77(3), 213-237.

Yeley, M. (2018). A Steadfast Soldier: The History of the   Astoria Victory Monument.

Zhou, W., & Liu, P. (2011). The First World War and the   Rise of Modern American Novel: A  Survey   of the Critical Heritage of American WWI Writing in the 20th Century.


Based on your research essay, you will construct a project that puts you in the time period and creatively tells a story from your research. It will be 7 pages total (unless you are doing a video – in which case it should be 1-3 minutes long.)

Suggestions might include:

  • Invitation to a lecture by a female scientist
  • Journal of a female astronaut
  • Mock trial of passing the Equal Employment Act
  • Recipe book for women in science
  • Employment ads seeking a female doctor
  • Yearbook from a woman studying science at university
  • Church bulletin for civil rights activists
  • Descriptive battle maps of French encounters
  • Letter back home from a black soldier
  • Pamphlet by NAACP outlining their beliefs and aims
  • Newspaper article describing discrimination of black soldiers
  • Tourism website for Houston in the 1920s
  • Social media account of a WWI recruiter
  • Twitter account by President Wilson


  • Written Description – In a one page written introduction, tell me why you chose this format and what you learned in the creative process. What software did you use to complete it? What historical examples gave you ideas for your project? (1 page, 20 points)
  • Creative Portion – The best part! Include images, clever formatting, and enough detail to prove your research. You can either upload a digital version or, if you have drawn by hand, take a photo and upload that. Save any digital versions (Word, Publisher, PowerPoint, whatever, as a PDF so I will definitely be able to open it). Videos are great, too! Or, create a website! (5 pages, 70 points)
  • Works Cited – Include whatever sources you use to inform your project. This might be the same as your bibliography, but you still need to include it. If you add or subtract any sources for the creative portion, make the changes on this works cited. (10 points)


Curation ProjectCuration ProjectCriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWritten IntroductionIn a written introduction, tell me why you chose this format and what you learned in the creative process. What software did you use to complete it? What historical examples gave you ideas for you project?20.0 ptsFull MarksAnswers 4 questions: Why? What? Historical examples? Software?15.0 ptsGoodAnswers 3 questions: Why? What? Historical examples? Software?10.0 ptsFairAnswers 2 questions: Why? What? Historical examples? Software?5.0 ptsPoorAnswers 1 question0.0 ptsNo Marks20.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeCreative PortionContains 5 pages, demonstrates creativity, clever use of format, communicates factual information.70.0 ptsFull MarksFantastic! Contains 5 pages, demonstrates creativity, clever use of format, communicates factual information.60.0 ptsGoodContains 5 pages, demonstrates some creativity, clever use of format, communicates factual information.50.0 ptsFairContains less than 5 pages, demonstrates some creativity, some clever use of format, communicates some factual information.30.0 ptsPoorContains less than 5 pages, demonstrates little creativity, little clever use of format, communicates little factual information.0.0 ptsNo Marks70.0 pts
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWorks CitedInclude whatever sources you use to inform your project. This might be the same as your bibliography, but you still need to include it. If you add or subtract any sources for the creative portion, make the changes on this works cited.10.0 ptsFull Marks5.0 ptsGood0.0 ptsNo Marks10.0 pts
Total Points: 100.0